Puppies and Kittens acquire from their mothers and are born with varying amounts of immunity to common (but often deadly) viruses. The antibodies in the kittens and puppies that are acquired from the mother are called maternal antibodies. These antibodies ordinarily run out over the first few months of life, leaving the puppy or kitten with no protection to these viruses. To protect these youngsters it is important to administer vaccines so that they create their own immunity, preferably before the maternally derived immunity (or borrowed immunity) runs out. A single vaccination often does not do the job because if maternal antibody is still present in large enough amounts then the vaccine may not take (because high levels of antibodies derived from the mother can interfere with the action of the vaccine), so the vaccine needs to be repeated until the vaccine can break through this maternal antibody protection. The interval for repeating the vaccine is every three weeks in puppies and every four weeks on kittens, starting as young as six weeks of age and concluding at 15 plus weeks of age.
Generally at least two vaccinations are needed even in older puppies and kittens. vaccinations are then repeated at prescribed intervals through out their adult lives. An exception to this strategy is vaccination against rabies which is give once at about 16 weeks of age and then repeated throughout life at prescribed intervals to maintain protection.
Another common issue for young dogs and cats is parasitism. External parasite such as fleas can be devastating to these youngsters as they try to make an increasing amount of blood for their growing bodies only to have it robbed by fleas. Internal blood sucking parasites such as hookworms can do the same thing. In addition there are numerous other parasites that can create serious other problems for the kitten or puppy, and, if unchecked, can create health issues for humans as well. The bad news is that most young animals are parasitized, the good news is that these parasites can be removed and controlled fairly easily with proper diagnosis and treatment. Puppies and kittens are equivalent to being infants and toddlers and they can get into all kinds of mischief. they need to be properly socialized and instructed so that they are less likely to be anxious, develop bad habits or behave in troublesome ways when they are older.
Breed-related health and or behavioral matters are also addressed during these visits to optimize the pet’s health and your lives together. The puppy and kitten plans are designed to get your new kitten or puppy properly examined, immunized, de-wormed, started on a program to prevent heart worms and to maintain control of intestinal parasites. In addition, attention is paid to behavioral and socialialization issues, not to mention ongoing Q and A covering all of these areas as the need arises throughout your pets life. The cost of the plans varies directly with the total number of examinations and vaccinations that are required to provide adequate protection for your youngster. the younger the kitten or puppy the more visits with vaccines are needed to complete the plan. A Four, three, two or one visit plan will be recommended based on age and lifestyle. All the plans include dewormings, initial heart worm prevention, examinations during most visits and ongoing consultations designed to get you and your new kitten or puppy off to a good start.